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Policies Map Layers

LOCAL PLAN

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

International Sites
Special Areas of Conservation
(Areas given special protection under the European Union’s Habitats Directive, which is transposed into UK law by the Habitats and Conservation of Species Regulations 2010)

National Sites
Site of Special Scientific Interest Sites designated by Natural England under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. SSSIs are the country’s very best wildlife and geological sites. They are important as they support plants and animals that find it more difficult to survive in the wider countryside. The protection of SSSIs is a shared responsibility between landowners, local authorities and Natural England.

Local Sites
Local Wildlife Sites (also known as County Wildlife Sites) identified for their wildlife interest, which complement the network of nationally and internationally designated sites. These include important species-rich grassland, ancient woodland, heath and freshwater habitats of high quality or recognised because they support species of conservation importance)

Local Geological Sites/Regionally Important Geological Sites
Local, non-statutory sites identified for their geological and geomorphological interest

LANDSCAPE

Landscape Character
Landscape character type: A defined geographical zone with distinct types of landscape that are relatively homogeneous in character.
Landscape character area: Single unique areas within landscape character types, which have their own individual character and identity

Seascape Character
An area of sea, coastline and land, as perceived by people, whose character results from the actions and interactions of land with sea, by natural and/or human factors. Seascape should be taken as meaning landscapes with views of the coast or seas, and coasts and the adjacent marine environment with cultural, historical and archaeological links with each other.

Veteran Tree
A tree which, because of its age, size and condition, is of exceptional biodiversity, cultural or heritage value. All ancient trees are veteran trees. Not all veteran trees are old enough to be ancient, but are old relative to other trees of the same species. Very few trees of any species reach the ancient life-stage.

TPO (Woodland)
A Tree Preservation Order is an order made by a local planning authority in England to protect specific trees, groups of trees or woodlands in
the interests of amenity.
TPO (Tree)
A Tree Preservation Order is an order made by a local planning authority in England to protect specific trees, groups of trees or woodlands in
the interests of amenity.

Section 3 Land
On Exmoor these are areas of moor and heath, woodland, and cliff and foreshore identified by the National Park Authority whose natural beauty is particularly important to conserve as set out under section 43 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.

Orchard of Landscape Importance
Orchards in existence that contribute to the character of the area and have an impact on the visual scene.

Unsuitable Areas for Small Scale Wind Turbines and Freestanding Solar Arrays
Landscape Character Types A: High Coastal Heaths and D: Open Moorland as shown on the Policies Map 24

Dark Sky Reserve
Dark Sky Reserve Core Zone
The International Dark Sky Reserve is designated for the exceptional quality of starry nights and nocturnal environment. In assessing planning proposals, the Dark Sky Reserve Core Zone is protected from permanent illumination.
Dark Sky Reserve Critical Buffer Zone
In the Dark Sky Reserve Critical Buffer Zone, external lighting is strictly controlled.

COASTAL

Heritage Coast
Defined in the National Planning Policy Framework as areas of undeveloped coastline, which are managed to conserve their natural beauty and, where appropriate, to improve accessibility for visitors.

Coastal Change Management Area
An area identified in Local Plans as likely to be affected by coastal change (physical change to the shoreline through erosion, coastal landslip, permanent inundation or coastal accretion).

HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT

Scheduled Monuments
A scheduled monument is an historic building or site that is included in the Schedule of Monuments kept by the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. The regime is set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979

Listed Buildings
If a building is considered by the Secretary of State (for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport) to be of special architectural or historic interest it will be included in a list of such buildings.  The designation regime is set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990

Conservation Area
An area of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance? s69(1)(a) Planning (Listed Building and Conservation Areas) Act

Registered Parks and Gardens
The Historic England 'Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England', includes gardens, grounds and other planned open spaces – the emphasis on designed landscapes rather than on planting or botanical importance. The purpose of the register is to encourage appropriate protection of these designated heritage assets.

Historic Settlement Core
The historic settlement core includes the historic settlement area, based on Tithe Maps and the Ordnance Survey 1st Edition maps – the defined area may not necessarily survive above ground but there may be remains below ground.

WATER RESOURCES AND FLOOD ZONES
Flood Zones - 2 and 3 Combined:
Flood Zone 2 -  land assessed as having between a 1 in 100 and 1 in 1,000 annual probability of river flooding (1% – 0.1%), or between a 1 in 200 and 1 in 1,000 annual probability of sea flooding (0.5% – 0.1%) in any year

Flood Zone 3 - land assessed as having a 1 in 100 or greater annual probability of river flooding (>1%), or a 1 in 200 or greater annual probability of flooding from the sea (>0.5%) in any year

Groundwater Source Protection Zones: Source Protection Zones (SPZs) for groundwater sources such as wells, boreholes and springs used for public drinking water supply. These zones show the risk of contamination from any activities that might cause pollution in the area.

COMMUNITY
Important Visual Amenity Space
Important Open Space – Recreation
All space of public value, including public landscaped areas, parks, allotments and playing fields, and including, not just land, but also areas of water, such as rivers, lakes and reservoirs, which offer opportunities for sport and recreation or can act as visual amenity. Safeguarded open space is defined on the Policies Map as Important Open Space for Recreation, and Important Visual Amenity Space

Community Safeguarding Areas
Important areas for community uses that are safeguarded in the local plan to ensure that the land is not developed for another purpose.

TRANSPORT

Exmoor Route Network
hierarchy of routes identified in the Local Plan for different types and modes of travel.

Public Rights of Way
Public rights of way network across the National Park, footpaths, Bridleways and Restricted Byways

Devon Road Classification
Devon Road Classification (A, B, C, D)
Somerset Road Classification
Somerset Road Classification (A, B, C)


B Road and Access Routes: Roads classified as B Roads and additional routes that are important for access throughout the National Park

Local Freight Route: Designated routes through the National Park for local access for HGVs

County Freight Route: More strategic routes through the National Park for HGVs – relates to A399 only.

Route of the Lynton to Barnstaple railway (dismantled): Land along the former Lynton to Barnstaple railway is safeguarded as an important heritage asset and protected from development that would prevent the reinstatement of the former railway.

Route of the West Somerset Mineral Line (dismantled): Land along the former West Somerset Mineral Line is safeguarded as an important heritage asset and protected from development that would prevent the reuse of the former railway for the expansion of the access network.

Exmoor National Park Boundary
Boundary of the Exmoor National Park Authority